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    Book Summary

    Jenny Martinez shows in this groundbreaking volume that the international human rights movement has its roots in one of the nineteenth century's central moral causes: the movement to ban the international slave trade. Martinez focuses in particular on the international admiralty courts, which tried the crews of captured slave ships.

    There is a broad consensus among scholars that the idea of human rights was a product of the Enlightenment but that a self-conscious and broad-based human rights movement focused on international law only began after World War II. In this narrative, the nineteenth century's absence is conspicuous-few have considered that era seriously, much less written books on it. But as Jenny Martinez shows in this novel interpretation of the roots of human rights law, the foundation of the movement that we know today was a product of one of the nineteenth century's central moral causes: the movement to ban the international slave trade. Originating in England in the late eighteenth century, abolitionism achieved remarkable success over the course of the nineteenth century. Martinez focuses in particular on the international admiralty courts, which tried the crews of captured slave ships. The courts, which were based in the Caribbean, West Africa, Cape Town, and Brazil, helped free at least 80,000 Africans from captured slavers between 1807 and 1871. Here then, buried in the dusty archives of admiralty courts, ships' logs, and the British foreign office, are the foundations of contemporary human rights law: international courts targeting states and non-state transnational actors while working on behalf the world's most persecuted peoples-captured West Africans bound for the slave plantations of the Americas. Fueled by a powerful thesis and novel evidence, Martinez's work will reshape the fields of human rights history and international human rights law. read less...

    Specification of Name of the book

    Book Details
    ISBN-13 9780199368990
    Publisher Oxford University Press Inc
    Imprint Oxford University Press Inc
    Number of Pages 264
    Publication Date 03042014
    Language
    Binding Paperback

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